**Formulas** are the templates used to be able to craft items throughout Istaria. In order to create a particular item you first need to 'scribe' the formula (Right-Click and choose 'Scribe (Formula Name)'. Once a formula has been scribed it is viewable in the Formula tab in the Knowledge window.
Formulas can be obtained from:

- Looted from mobs.
- Mobs that drop formulas are Chests, Semi-Intelligents - That is pygmies, ogres, skulks, etc, and also Undead - s, Zombies, Mummies, etc. Formulas will only drop from Named mobs or from mobs in the upper half of each tier. Named mobs have a higher chance of dropping formulas.
- Tier 1 mobs drop beginner formulas with skill requirements of 120 and below.
- Tier 2 mobs drop beginner formulas with skill requirements of 110 and above.
- Tier 3 mobs drop journeyman formulas with skill requirements of 520 and below.
- Tier 4 mobs drop journeyman formulas with skill requirements of 510 and above.

- Mobs that drop formulas are Chests, Semi-Intelligents - That is pygmies, ogres, skulks, etc, and also Undead - s, Zombies, Mummies, etc. Formulas will only drop from Named mobs or from mobs in the upper half of each tier. Named mobs have a higher chance of dropping formulas.
- Purchased from other players via trade or a consigner.
- Awarded by accepting or completing certain quests.
- Purchased from Formulatrons.
- Purchased from trainer (Beginner, Journeyman and Expert)

Every formula requires a number of resources or sub components to create the item. For example, a Sandstone Focus Chest Scale may require up to 6 Sandstone Bricks to create.

## Formula TiersEdit

There are four levels of formulas.

Type | Min Level |
---|---|

Beginner | 1 |

Journeyman | 400 |

Expert | 800 |

Master | 1000 |

## ProductsEdit

A single formula may allow creation of multiple different items. For example, the Beginner Focus Chest Scale formula allows creation of both Sandstone Focus Chest Scales and Slate Focus Chest Scales.
Every formula has a minimum Skill requirement to scribe. If a character’s **current** skill is too low they will be unable to scribe the formula.
A character can use various methods of increasing its skill.

- Boon spells.
- Equipment with Techniques providing a bonus to the relevant Skill
- Tool(claw) with socketing Techniques providing the possibility of using a crystal.
- Utilize a player build craft shop (Beginner, Journeyman or Expert for Plots or T1-6 chambers for Lairs) to boost the current skill level.

Every product has a **minimum** and an **optimum** skill to create. When creating an item, the closer a character's skill is to the optimum skill, the more efficient they are - it will require fewer resources to make. For example, to create Sandstone Bricks at the minimum skill requires 5 Sandstone Slabs for each brick. Creating Sandstone Bricks at the optimum skill (or higher) only requires 2 Sandstone Slabs per brick.
There are separate formulas for Dragons and Bipeds (i.e. non-Dragons).

## Why can’t I buy a formula from a trainer?Edit

Not all formulas are available from any trainer and can only be obtained from combat drops or quests.

Before trainers were educated in the art of accepting coin for purchases, they required Lore Tokens in trade (although the prices were still listed in coin value). A Beginner Lore Token had a value of 1 copper, and a Journeyman Lore Token had a value of 5 copper. It is important to note that in a game update in January, 2011, Lore Tokens are no longer used by trainers for purchasing formulas. They now sell formulas for coin. Formulas that are dropped as loot are no longer sold by Trainers, and vice versa.

Formulatrons sell Mystery Formula Boxes that can contain any lootable formular.

Formulas from tiers 1 to 5 can all be gained from dead mobs as loot. Mobs that drop formulas are Chests, Semi-Intelligents - That is pygmies, ogres, skulks, etc, and also Undead - Skeletons, Zombies, Mummies, etc. Also only named mobs or mobs in the upper half of each tier will drop formulas, with named mobs having higher chances of dropping a technique. The upper half levels of each tier are as follows:

- T1: 11-19
- T2: 30-39
- T3: 50-59
- T4: 70-79
- T5: 90-99

Monsters have been categorized: Animals, Insects, Elementals, Semi-Intelligents, Undead, Withered Aegis Constructs, Withered Aegis Animates, and Chests. Techniques and Formulas no longer drop from your non-intelligent monsters, such as animals, insects and elementals. If you are looking for techniques you will want to hunt the Undead, the Withered Aegis, and the Semi-Intelligents (Ogre, Pygmie, Werewolf and so on). Some types of techniques are only available as loot - Spells, Ability, Adventure, Dragon and Defense. The others are only sold by Quartermasters so you won't need to look for them as loot - Craft, Statistic and Dyes.

## Resource FormulasEdit

### The Six Basic MaterialsEdit

### ConstructionEdit

These are formulas used to make items used in buildings and other structures.

- Essence Construction Formulas
- Fabric Construction Formulas
- Metal Construction Formulas
- Stone Construction Formulas
- Wood Construction Formulas

### Intermediate MaterialsEdit

These formulas take refined materials or raw materials and process them into items used in other formulas. They do not create finished products.

- Alchemy Preparation Formulas
- Clothworking Preparation Formulas
- Confectioner Preparation Formulas
- Earthencraft Formulas
- Enchanting Formulas
- Essence Shaping Preparation Formulas
- Spellcraft Preparation Formulas
- Tanning Preparation Formulas
- Tinkerer Preparation Formulas
- Transmutation Formulas

## Biped FormulasEdit

The following formulas are available to all Biped races (i.e. non-Dragon). Please note that not every formula listed is Biped-only; rather, these formulas listed are simply of most use to Bipeds. Dragons can craft every spell listed. Also, most resource formulas are available to both Dragons and Bipeds, and simply listed here for convenience.

- Armor Formulas
- Cargo Armor
- Cloth Armor
- Hide/Leather Armor
- Metal Armor
- Chain Armor
- Plate Armor

- Shields
- Fashion Items

- Container Formulas
- Dye Kit Formulas
- Food Formulas
- Gadget Formulas
- Jewelry Formulas
- Potion Formulas
- Resource Formulas
- Spell Formulas
- Tool Formulas
- Weapon Formulas
- Quest Formulas